The word Tarumanagara comes from the words Taruma and Negara. Negara means kingdom or country, and Taruma, derived from Tarum, represents the river of Citarum and the color indigo. In the Sudanese tradition, the dye extracted from the tarum leaf is indigo in color.
The Earliest Kingdom
The earliest recorded kingdom of Indonesia is the Tarumanagara Kingdom. The Sudanese Kingdom, influenced by Indian culture and Hinduism, was the most influential in the region. Modern Bogor represented the hub of the kingdom. The boundaries of the Kingdom were the Java Sea to the North, the Sunda Strait to the West, and the Cipamali river to the East. This river divides the areas of Sunda and Java.
First Known Ruler
Rajadirajaguru Jayasingawarman founded the Tarumanagara Kingdom in 358 AD, according to the inscriptions. Five of these stones discovered in the Bogor area. The sixth stone was located in Jakarta and the seventh in Lebak Banten. These engraved stones called Prasasti, showcase Pallava letters and Sanskrit. Each stone has a name: Kebon Kopi, Tugu, Cidanghiyang or Munjul, Ciaruteun, Muara Cianten, Jumbu, and Pasir Awi.
Eventually, Tarumanagara Kingdom divided into the kingdoms of Sunda and Galuh in 670 AD. The Citarum River divided these two kingdoms. The Galuh Kingdom covered central Java and the Sunda Kingdom lay to the west of it.
List of 12 Rulers of Tarumanagara Kingdom