October 25, 1881-April 8,1973
Picasso always had a talent for art. He had skill with the brush at a young age. Picasso began his education with his father at the young age of seven. He possessed an innate skill recognized by his father. At one time, Picasso’s father vowed to give up painting because his thirteen-year-old son had surpassed the skills of his father.
Picasso found and co-founded several art forms. He is a painter, sculpture, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet, and playwright. Picasso is also the co-founder of Cubism and invented the constructed sculpture. The constructed sculpture is a sculpture of a three-dimensional collage or an assembly usually made of found items. Picasso is also the co-inventor of collage and is responsible for making it to an acceptable art form.
The art of Picasso is classified into periods of creativity. The use of color, style, or motif defines this period. His earliest period is the Blue Period, which consisted of mostly blues and greens. The Rose Period follows and is significant because of the color palette and the subject matter. Because of the use of color and the subject matter of circus and street performers, this period is also known as the Harlequin period.
This style defines his creations for the rest of his life and is a recurring theme in his later paintings. Although his later works cannot be defined as Cubist, there is an influence of the Cubist style. Picasso’s Cubist period is broken into two phases. The first is Analytic, and the second is Synthetic. The first uses earth tones in the palette and a reconstruction of the subject through geometric designs. The second gives rise to collage as a form of art. Many of these works come from a mix media approach.
Picasso’s final and most enduring period is Neoclassicism and Surrealism. His neoclassicist approach becomes pronounced in Peasants Sleeping of 1919 as he displays great use of watercolor and form. These Surrealistic presentations align well with the rising movement, even though he was not an originator. His works beyond this time reflect many previous styles but seem to focus more on cubist influenced surrealism. Picasso’s color choices, at times, are a bright and cheerful juxtaposition and, at other times, a dark alignment of deeply darkened earth tone colors.
Picasso was also a poet and playwright who designed the sets for the plays. He experimented with ceramics, collage, etchings, watercolor, and painting. Picasso married twice in his life and had three children by two different women. He had numerous relationships with many women who were quite a bit younger than himself. Picasso was highly creative, and he produced a large volume of work. His art is found around the world in different museums. He was also a great influence on modern art in the 20th century, and his influence is recognized in many works of his peers and later artists. Picasso was truly a pioneering influence in the 20th-century art community.